Tony Lane
Professor of Historical Doctrine, Lecturer in Doctrine

Tony studied maths and theology at Oxford and Cambridge before joining the school’s faculty in 1973. He has remained here since then, apart from a year away spent teaching in Kenya and researching in the USA. He was Course Leader for the School’s BA programme for twelve years before becoming Director of Research from 1996 to 2008. In 2000 he was recognised by Brunel University as Professor of Historical Theology and in 2004 he was awarded the degree of Doctor of Divinity by Oxford University.

He is an enthusiast for Christian doctrine, and especially its history. His desire is for students to become more aware of the riches of the Christian heritage and he has the ability to express complex doctrinal concepts simply. This talent is visible in his Lion Christian Classics Collection (2004), Concise History of Christian Thought (2006), Exploring Christian Doctrine (2013) and Sin and Grace (2020). Most of his scholarly writings have been on Calvin, including his John Calvin: Student of the Church Fathers (1999) and Reader’s Guide to Calvin’s Institutes (2009). He has also written Bernard of Clairvaux: Theologian of the Cross (2013). He has worked intensively on the doctrine of justification and has published Justification by Faith in Catholic-Protestant Dialogue (2002) and Regensburg Article 5 on Justification: Inconsistent Patchwork or Substance of True Doctrine? (2019). For many years Tony chaired the Tyndale Fellowship Doctrine Group and he is a member of the Presidium that runs the four-yearly International Congress on Calvin Research.

Tony likes travel and has worked as a computer programmer in Holland, studied in Germany and taught in Germany, Kenya, Canada, USA, Croatia, Romania, Russia, Belarus, Philippines, Ethiopia, Ukraine and Singapore. He is both interested and involved in politics. He is a keen photographer and has an extensive collection of images relating to Christian history, many of which have been published. He and his wife Maggie have two married daughters and six grandchildren.

Tony has supervised over 20 PhDs and has examined PhDs for various universities, including Oxford, Cambridge, London and Edinburgh. He is interested in supervising students in historical theology. His prime specialisms are Calvin and Bernard of Clairvaux, though he has supervised theses on other theologians from the Early Church, the Middle Ages and the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, as well as modern theologians including Jürgen Moltmann. Theological themes that are of especial interest to him are Scripture and tradition, sin and grace, justification, sacraments and Catholic-Protestant dialogue.

Semi-popular Textbooks

  • A Concise History of Christian Thought (London: T & T Clark (Continuum) and Grand Rapids: Baker, 2006)

[earlier published as The LION [Concise] Book of Christian Thought (LION, 1984 and further editions). There have also been one Indian and four US editions. There have been at least thirteen translations.]

  • The Lion Christian Classics Collection (Oxford: LION, 2004)
  • [= Timeless Witness: Classic  Christian Literature  through the Ages (Peabody (MA): Hendrickson, 2005)]
  • Exploring Christian Doctrine (London: SPCK, 2013).

[This has been translated into Indonesian]

  • Sin and Grace: Evangelical Soteriology in Historical Perspective (London: Apollos [IVP], 2020)




Texts of Calvin

  • Joint editor with Hilary Osborne of John Calvin, The Institutes of Christian Religion (London: Hodder & Stoughton Christian Classics, 1986 + Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1987 – 6th printing 1995)
  • Editor of John Calvin, The Bondage and Liberation of the Will: A Defense of the Orthodox Doctrine of Human Choice against Pighius, translated by G. I. Davies (Texts and Studies in Reformation and Post-Reformation Thought) (Grand Rapids: Baker Book House & Carlisle: Paternoster, 1996 – 2nd printing 2002)
  • Editor of J. Calvin, Defensio sanae et orthodoxae doctrinae de servitute et liberatione humani arbitrii (Ioannis Calvini Opera Omnia denuo recognita IV/III) (Geneva: Droz, 2008)


Other Historical & Theological Studies

  • Justification by Faith in Catholic-Protestant Dialogue: An Evangelical Assessment (London & New York: T & T Clark (Continuum), 2002)
  • D. F. Wright (ed.), Baptism: Three Views (Downers Grove: IVP, 2009) [one of the three contributors]
  • Bernard of Clairvaux: Theologian of the Cross (Trappist (KT): Cistercian Publications, 2013)
  • Regensburg Article 5 on Justification: Inconsistent Patchwork or Substance of True Doctrine? (New York & Oxford: OUP, 2019)


Books Edited

  • Joint editor of Mission and Meaning. Essays Presented to Peter Cotterell (Carlisle: Paternoster, 1995)
  • Sole editor of The Unseen World. Christian Reflections on Angels, Demons and the Heavenly Realm (Carlisle: Paternoster & Grand Rapids: Baker, 1996)
  • Sole editor of Interpreting the Bible. Historical and Theological Studies in Honour of David F. Wright (Leicester: Apollos, 1997)
  • Joint editor of Calvinus Evangelii Propugnator; Calvin Champion of the Gospel: Papers Presented at the International Congress on Calvin Research Seoul, 1998 (Grand Rapids: Calvin Studies Society, 2006)


Books/Booklets in Russian [No English language edition exists. Titles Anglicised.]

  • Sola Scriptura (Minsk: Gospel and Reformation, 2015)
  • Unio cum Christo (Minsk: Gospel and Reformation, 2017)
  • Reformation Then and Now (Minsk: Gospel and Reformation, 2018)
  • Future without Science Fiction. Introduction into Eschatology (Minsk: Gospel and Reformation, 2019)
  • [Christ without Face: The Person of Christ in the Mirror of Ancient Heresies] (Minsk: Gospel and Reformation, 2020) [in Russian]

Calvin (20th Century)

[Reprinted in R. C. Gamble (ed.), Articles on Calvin and Calvinism (New York & London: Garland, 1992), 9:107-23]

  • ‘The Quest for the Historical Calvin,’ Evangelical Quarterly 55 (1983), 95-11
  • ‘Guide to Calvin Literature,’ Vox Evangelica 17 (1987), 35-47
  • ‘Bondage and Liberation in Calvin’s Treatise against Pighius,’ in J. H. Leith & R. A. Johnson (eds.), Calvin Studies IX (Davidson (NC): Davidson College and Davidson College Presbyterian Church, n.d.), 16-45 [Ninth Colloquium on Calvin Studies, Davidson, NC, 1998]


Calvin (21st Century)

  • ‘The Role of Scripture in Calvin’s Doctrine of Justification’ in C. Raynal (ed.), John Calvin and the Interpretation of Scripture: Calvin Studies 10 & 11 (Grand Rapids: Calvin Studies Society, 2006), 368-84
  • ‘Was Calvin a Crypto-Zwinglian?’ in M. Holt (ed.), Adaptations of Calvinism in Reformation Europe: Essays in Honour of Brian G. Armstrong (Aldershot (Hants): Ashgate, 2007), 21-41
  • ‘Anthropology’ in H. J. Selderhuis (ed.), Calvin Handbook (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2009), 275-88
  • [=‘Anthropologie’ in H. J. Selderhuis (ed.), Calvin Handbuch (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2008), 270-84
  • = ‘Antropologie’ in H. J. Selderhuis (ed.), Calvijn Handboek (Kampen: Kok, 2008), 309-24]
  • ‘Calvin’s Way of Doing Theology: Exploring the Institutes’ in J. R. Beeke & G. J. Williams (eds.), Calvin: Theologian and Reformer (Grand Rapids: Reformation Heritage Books & London: Evangelical Press, 2010), 39-61
  • ‘Calvin’s Doctrine of Assurance Revisited’ in D. W. Hall (ed.), Tributes to John Calvin: A Celebration of his Quincentenary (Phillipsburg (NJ): P&R, 2010), 270-313
  • ‘Calvin‘ in S. Westerholm (ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Paul (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010), 391-405
  • ‘John Calvin: Catholic Theologian,’ Ecclesiology 6 (2010), 290-314
  • ‘Anthropology: Calvin between Luther and Erasmus’ in H. J. Selderhuis (ed.), Calvin — Saint or Sinner? (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2010), 185-205
  • ‘Calvin’s Attitude towards Catholicity’ in H. J. Selderhuis (ed.), Calvinus clarissimus theologus (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2012), 206-27 [Ninth International Congress on Calvin Research, Potchefstrom 2010]
  • ‘Calvin as a Commentator on Paul’ in B. Boudou & A.-P. Pouey-Mounou (eds.), Calvin et l’humanisme. Actes du symposium d’Amiens et Lille III (25-26 novembre 2009), Cahiers d’Humanisme et Renaissance 99 (Geneva: Droz, 2012), 73-92
  • ‘John Calvin: Preaching the Glorious Christ’ in B. K. Forrest et al. (eds.), A Legacy of Preaching: Historical and Theological Introductions, vol. 1 (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2018), 344–59
  • ‘Calvin and Calvinists’ in Oxford Handbook to the Reception History of Christian Theology (Oxford: OUP, forthcoming)


Calvin and the Fathers

  1. ‘Tertullianus Totus Noster? Calvin’s Use of Tertullian,’ Reformation & Renaissance Review 4:1 (2002), 9-34
  2. ‘Calvin’ in V. H. Drecoll (ed.), Augustin-Handbuch (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2006), 622-27
  3. ‘Calvin, John (1509-64)’ in K. Pollmann et al. (eds.), Oxford Guide to the Historical Reception of Augustine (Oxford: OUP, 2013) ), vol. 2, 739-43
  4. ‘Augustine and Calvin’ in C. C. Pecknold & T. Toom (eds.), T&T Clark Companion to Augustine and Modern Theology (London & New York: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2013), 174-95
  5. ‘Calvin’s Use of Cyril of Alexandria’ in H. J. Selderhuis/A. Huijgen (ed.), Calvinus Pastor Ecclesiae: Papers of the Eleventh International Congress on Calvin Research, Reformed Historical Theology 39 (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2016), 181-21


Calvin and Bernard

  • ‘Calvin’s Sources of St Bernard,’ Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte 67 (1976), 253-83
  • ‘Bernard of Clairvaux: A Forerunner of John Calvin?’ in J. R. Sommerfeldt (ed.), Bernardus Magister (Kalamazoo (MI): Cistercian Publications, 1992), 533-45 [International Congress on Medieval Studies: Nonacentenary Celebration of the Birth of Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, 1990]
  • ‘Saint Bernard et Calvin’ in J. Leclercq, R. Genton & A. N. S. Lane, Saint Bernard de Clairvaux (Écublens: Église et Liturgie, 1994), 25-38 [Lausanne Cathedral: Nonacentenary Celebration of the Birth of Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, 1990]


Patristic Anthologies

  • ‘Early Printed Patristic Anthologies to 1566: A Progress Report’ in E. A. Livingstone (ed.), Studia Patristica 18:4 (Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications & Leuven: Peeters, 1990), 365-70 [Ninth International Patristic Conference, Oxford 1983]
  • ‘Justification in Sixteenth-Century Patristic Anthologies’ in L. Grane, A. Schindler, M. Wriedt (eds.), Auctoritas Patrum. Contributions on the Reception of the Church Fathers in the 15th and 16th Century (Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Europäische Geschichte Mainz. Im Auftrag der Abteilung Religionsgeschichte (hrsg. R. Decot) Beiheft 37) (Mainz: Philipp von Zabern, 1993), 69-95 [First International Symposium on the Reception of the Church Fathers in the 15th and 16th Centuries]
  • ‘Justification by Faith in Sixteenth-Century Patristic Anthologies: The Claims that were Made’ in G. Frank, T. Leinkauf & M. Wriedt (eds.), Die Patristik in der frühen Neuzeit. Die Relektüre der Kirchenväter in den Wissenschaften des 15. bis 18. Jahrhunderts (Stuttgart-Bad Cannstadt: Frommann-Holzboog, 2006) [Melanchthon-Schriften der Stadt Bretten Bd. 10]
  • ‘Patristic Anthologies’ in Karla Pollmann et al. (eds.), Oxford Guide to the Historical Reception of Augustine (Oxford: OUP, 2013), vol. 2, 536-40
  • Printed Augustinian Florilegia in the Sixteenth Century’ in J. Delmulle, S. Boodts, G. Partoens, A. Dupont (eds.), Flores Augustini. Augustinian Florilegia in the Middle Ages, Spicilegium Sacrum Lovaniense Études et Documents vol. 57 (Leuven: Peeters, 2020), 213–27


Regensburg Colloquy, Article 5

  • ‘Calvin and Article 5 of the Regensburg Colloquy’ in H. J. Selderhuis (ed.), Calvinus Praeceptor Ecclesiae (Geneva: Droz, 2004), 233-63 [Seventh International Congress on Calvin Research, Princeton 2002]
  • ‘Cardinal Contarini and Article 5 of the Regensburg Colloquy (1541)’ in O. Meuffels & J. Bründl (eds.), Grenzgänge der Theologie (Münster: Lit Verlag, 2004), 163-90
  • ‘Twofold Righteousness: A Key to the Doctrine of Justification? Reflections on Article 5 of the Regensburg Colloquy (1541)’ in M. A. Husbands and D. J. Trier (eds.), Justification: What’s at Stake in the Current Debates (Downers Grove: IVP and Leicester: IVP, 2004), 205-24
  • ‘A Tale of Two Imperial Cities: Justification at Regensburg (1541) and Trent (1546-1547)’ in B. L. McCormack (ed.), Justification in Perspective: Historical Developments and Contemporary Challenges (Grand Rapids: Baker, and Edinburgh: Rutherford House, 2006), 119-45
  • ‘Why was Luther Hostile to Article 5 on Justification Agreed at the Religious Colloquy of Regensburg, 1541?’, Reformation & Renaissance Review 22:2 (2020), 112–25


Albert Pighius

  • ‘When did Albert Pighius Die?,’ Nederlands Archief voor Kerkgeschiedenis 80 (2000), 327-42
  • ‘Albert Pighius’s Controversial Work on Original Sin,’ Reformation & Renaissance Review 4 (2000), 29-61 + Erratum in Reformation & Renaissance Review 3:1/2 (2001), 215
  • ‘Pighius, Albert’ in Karla Pollmann et al. (eds.), Oxford Guide to the Historical Reception of Augustine (Oxford: OUP, 2013), vol. 3, 1547-49



  • ‘The Fundamentalism Debate: A Survey of Reviews of James Barr’s Fundamentalism,’ Evangelical Review of Theology 3 (1979), 11-26
  • ‘B. B. Warfield on the Humanity of Scripture,’ Vox Evangelica 16 (1986), 77-94
  • ‘Roman Catholic Views of Biblical Authority from the Late 19th Century to the Present’ in D. Carson (ed.), The Enduring Authority of the Christian Scriptures (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2016), 292-317


Scripture and Tradition

  • ‘Scripture, Tradition and Church: An Historical Survey,’ Vox Evangelica 9 (1975), 37-55
  • ‘Sola scriptura? Making Sense of a Post-Reformation Slogan’ in P. E. Satterthwaite & D. F. Wright (eds.), A Pathway into the Holy Scripture (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1994), 297-327 [Tyndale Fellowship Jubilee Conference, Swanwick 1994]
  • ‘Tradition’ in K. J. Vanhoozer, C. G. Bartholomew, D. J. Trier & N. T. Wright (eds.), Dictionary for Theological Interpretation of the Bible (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2005), 809-12



  • ‘The Rationale and Significance of the Virgin Birth,’ Vox Evangelica 10 (1977), 48-64
  • [Revised but shorter edition in D. F. Wright (ed.), Chosen by God. Mary in Evangelical Perspective (London: Marshall Pickering, 1989), 93-119]
  • ‘Christology Beyond Chalcedon’ in H. H. Rowdon (ed.), Christ the Lord (Leicester: IVP, 1982), 257-81
  • ‘Cyril’s Twelve Anathemas: An Exercise in Theological Moderation’ in M. Elliott & J. L. McPake (eds.), The Only Hope: Jesus Yesterday • Today • Forever (Fearn (Ross-shire): Christian Focus Publications/Mentor, 2001), 39-58
  • [Earlier Romanian version: ‘Cele douasprezece anatematisme ale lui Chiril: un exercitiu de moderatie teologica,’ in A. N. S. Lane, D. Bulzan, S. Rogobete & J. R. W. Stott, Erezie si Logos. Contributii romano-britanice la o teologie a postmodernitatii (Bucharest: Anastasia, 1996), 9-41]
  • ‘Cyril of Alexandria and the Incarnation’ in I. H. Marshall, V. Rabens & C. Bennema (eds.), The Spirit and Christ in the New Testament and Christian Theology (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2012), 285-302



  • ‘Ten Theses on Justification and Sanctification’ in Billington, Lane & Turner (eds.), Mission and Meaning. Essays Presented to Peter Cotterell (Carlisle: Paternoster, 1995), 191-216
  • ‘Justification by Faith’ in K. J. Vanhoozer, C. G. Bartholomew, D. J. Trier & N. T. Wright (eds.), Dictionary for Theological Interpretation of the Bible (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2005), 416-19
  • ‘Catholic-Protestant Dialogues on Justification: at the Reformation and Today,’ Perspectives 60 (Summer 2017), 29–36
  • ‘Justification by Faith: Are Protestants and Catholics Irreconcilably Divided?’ in P. Berthoud & P. J. Lalleman (eds.), The Reformation: Its Roots and Its Legacy (Eugene (OR): Pickwick, 2017), 88–101
  • ‘Justification’ in G. Wainwright & P.McPartlan (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Ecumenical Studies (Oxford: OUP, 2018):
  • ‘Justification by Faith 1517–2017: What has Changed?’, Tyndale Bulletin 69 (2018), 283–303




Other Doctrinal Studies



Other Historical Studies

  • ‘Kenya’s Turbulent Bishop,’ Evangelical Review of Theology 16 (1992), 66-81
  • ‘The Council of Nicaea: Purposes and Themes’ @ [2000]
  • ‘Bernard of Clairvaux: Theologian of the Cross’ in D. Tidball, D. Hilborn & J. Thacker (eds.), The Atonement Debate (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2008), 249-66
  • ‘Irenaeus on the Fall and Original Sin’ in R. J. Berry & T. A. Noble (eds.), Darwin, Creation and the Fall (Nottingham: Apollos, 2009), 130-48
  • ‘Bernard of Clairvaux’ in A. J. Johnson (ed.), T &T Clark Companion to the Atonement (London, etc.: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2017), 399–402